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We will not remove any content for bad language alone, or being critical of a particular book. Apocalypto was shot on high-definitiondigital video, using the Panavision Genesis camera. This equipment was used in a scene in which Jaguar Paw leaps off a waterfall. A number of animals are featured in Apocalypto , including a Baird's tapir and a black jaguar.
Animatronics or puppets were employed for the scenes injurious to animals. The soundtrack to Apocalypto was composed by James Horner in his third collaboration with director Mel Gibson. The soundtrack lacks a traditional orchestral score and instead features a large array of exotic instruments and vocals by Pakistani singer Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.
While Mel Gibson financed the film through his Icon Productions, Disney signed on to distribute Apocalypto for a fee in certain markets under the Touchstone Pictures label.
The publicity for the film started with a December teaser trailer that was filmed before the start of principal photography and before Rudy Youngblood was cast as Jaguar Paw. As a joke, Gibson inserted a subliminal cameo of the bearded director in a plaid shirt with a cigarette hanging from his mouth posing next to a group of dust-covered Maya.
According to Mel Gibson, the Mayan setting of Apocalypto is 'merely the backdrop' for a more universal story of exploring 'civilizations and what undermines them'. According to archaeologist Michael D.
Coe lists 'environmental collapse' as one of the leading causes of the fall of the great empire, alongside 'endemic warfare', 'overpopulation', and 'drought'. The Maya apocalypse, for such it was, surely had ecological roots,' explains Coe. The corrosive forces of corruption are illustrated in specific scenes throughout the film. Excessive consumption can be seen in the extravagant lifestyle of the upper-class Maya, their vast wealth contrasted with the sickly, the extremely poor, and the enslaved.
Environmental degradation is portrayed both in the exploitation of natural resources, such as the over-mining and farming of the land, but also through the treatment of people, families and entire tribes as resources to be harvested and sold into slavery. Political corruption is seen in the leaders' manipulation, the human sacrifice on a large scale, and the slave trade.
The film shows slaves being forced to create the lime stucco cement that covered the temples, an act that some historians consider a major factor in the Maya decline.
One calculation estimates that it would take five tons of jungle forestry to make one ton of quicklime. Historical consultant Richard D. Hansen explains, 'I found one pyramid in El Mirador that would have required nearly hectares 1, acres of every single available tree just to cover one building with lime stucco.. Epic construction was happening.. The filmmakers intended this depiction of the Maya collapse to have relevance for contemporary society.
The problems 'faced by the Maya are extraordinarily similar to those faced today by our own civilization,' co-writer Safinia stated during production, 'especially when it comes to widespread environmental degradation, excessive consumption and political corruption'.
However, Gibson has also stated that he wanted the film to be hopeful rather than entirely negative. Gibson has defined the title as 'a new beginning or an unveiling — a revelation'; he says 'Everything has a beginning and an end, and all civilizations have operated like that'. Apocalypto received generally positive reviews from critics. The site's critical consensus reads, ' Apocalypto is a brilliantly filmed, if mercilessly bloody, examination of a once great civilization.
The film was released less than six months after Gibson's DUI incident, where the director made antisemitic comments to police after being stopped on suspicion of drunk driving;  the incident garnered Gibson much negative publicity and magnified concerns some had over alleged antisemitism in his previous film, The Passion of the Christ.
Scott commented: 'say what you will about him — about his problem with booze or his problem with Jews — he is a serious filmmaker. Apocalypto gained some passionate champions in the Hollywood community. Actor Robert Duvall called it 'maybe the best movie I've seen in 25 years'. It was perhaps the best film of that year. I think it was the best artistic film of that year.
I admire Apocalypto for its frankness, but also for the power and artistry of the filmmaking. It's arguably the best movie I've seen in years. I was blown away. On release in Mexico the film registered a wider number of viewers than Perfume and Rocky Balboa. It even displaced memorable Mexican premieres such as Titanic and Poseidon. For his role as producer and director of the film, Mel Gibson was given the Trustee Award by the First Americans in the Arts organization.
At the ceremony, Gibson said that the film was a 'badge of honor for the Latino community. Many writers felt that Gibson's film was relatively accurate about the Maya, since it depicts the era of decline and division that followed the civilization's peak, collapse, re-settlement, and proto-historic societal conditions.
One Mexican reporter, Juan E. Pardinas, wrote that 'this historical interpretation bears some resemblances with reality.. Mel Gibson's characters are more similar to the Mayas of the Bonampak's murals than the ones that appear in the Mexican school textbooks. Cell and molecular biology karp pdf free download. Molecular Cell Biology Karp 7th Edition.
Hansen, who was a historical consultant on the film, stated that the impact the film will have on Maya archaeology will be beneficial:'It is a wonderful opportunity to focus world attention on the ancient Maya and to realize the role they played in world history. Some observers were more cautious. William Booth of The Washington Post wrote that the film depicts the Maya as a 'super-cruel, psycho-sadistic society on the skids, a ghoulscape engaged in widespread slavery, reckless sewage treatment and bad rave dancing, with a real lust for human blood.
It's offensive to Maya people. It's offensive to those of us who try to teach cultural sensitivity and alternative world views that might not match our own 21st century Western ones but are nonetheless valid. Apocalypto has been criticized for portraying a type of human sacrifice which was more typical of the Aztecs than of the Maya.