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A directory of AATCs is available at partners. For information on the Adobe Certiied programs, visit www. Each layer can then be edited as discrete artwork, allowing tremendous lexibility in composing and revising an image.
New iles are generally created with a background layer, which contains a color or an image that shows through the transparent areas of subsequent layers. All new layers in an image are transpar- ent until you add text or artwork pixel values. Working with layers is analogous to placing portions of a drawing on clear sheets of ilm, such as those viewed with an overhead projector: Individual sheets may be edited, repositioned, and deleted without afecting the other sheets.
When the sheets are stacked, the entire composition is visible. Press the spacebar for a full- screen view. You will create it now, and, in doing so, learn how to create, edit, and manage layers.
Saving another version of the start ile frees you to make changes without worrying about overwriting the original. You can use the Layers panel to hide, view, reposition, delete, rename, and merge layers. E Tip: Use the context Notice the layer thumbnail and the icons on the Background layer level: menu to hide or resize the layer thumbnail.
Mac OS a thumbnail If you click the eye, the image window no longer displays that layer. Notice that only one layer appears in the Beach. An image can have only one background. You cannot change the stacking order of a background layer, its blending mode, or its opac- ity. You can, however, convert a background layer to a regular layer. Whether you drag from the image window of the original ile or from its Layers panel, only the active layer is reproduced in the destination ile.
Before you begin, make sure that both the 04Working. Keep the layer selected. Photoshop displays both of the open image iles. Select the Beach. Photoshop always adds new layers directly above the selected layer; you selected the Background layer earlier. Viewing individual layers he 04Working. Some of the layers are visible and some are hidden. To select the layer, click the layer name in the Layers panel. Changes you make in the image window afect the active layer. A white border appears around the beach photo.
In this case, the postmark is too dark on the lower. You can also type the value in the Opacity box or scrub the Opacity label. Notice that the change in opacity afects only the image area of the Postage layer.
Duplicating a layer and changing the blending mode You can apply diferent blending modes to a layer. Blending modes afect how the color pixels on one layer blend with pixels in the layers underneath. Currently, the blending mode for both layers is Normal. Click OK in the Duplicate Layer dialog box. You can apply a blending mode to an entire layer group and get a very diferent result than if you apply the same blending mode to each of the layers individually.
When a blending mode is applied to a group, Photoshop treats the group as a single merged object and then applies the blending mode. Experiment with blending modes to get the efect you want. In this case, the postmark becomes a little stronger. A Transform bounding box appears around the beach image. Watch the Width and Height percentages in the options bar. Drag clockwise to rotate the beach image approximately 15 degrees. You can also enter 15 in the Set Rotation box in the options bar.
Adding empty layers to a ile is comparable to adding blank sheets of acetate to a stack of images. Realistic- looking clouds appear behind the image. Photoshop places the image as a Smart Object, which is a layer you can edit without making permanent changes. Click OK to close the Color Picker. Or, hover and then click anywhere outside the gradient picker to close it. If you want to be sure you drag straight up, press the Shift key as the gradient name.
Like layers, layer styles can be hidden by clicking eye icons in the Layers panel. Layer styles are nondestructive, so you can edit or remove them at any time. You can apply a copy of a layer style to a diferent layer by dragging the efect onto the destination layer. Earlier, you used a layer style to add a stroke to the beach photo. Photoshop nests the layer style in the Island Paradise layer. First it lists Efects, and then the layer styles applied to the layer.
An eye icon appears next to the efect category and next to each efect. To turn of an efect, click the eye icon. Click the visibility column again to restore the efect. To hide all layer styles, click the eye icon next to Efects. To collapse the list of efects, click the arrow next to the layer. Do not click OK. For example, if you add a Color Balance adjustment layer to an image, you can experiment with difer- ent colors repeatedly, because the change occurs only on the adjustment layer.
If you decide to return to the original pixel values, you can hide or delete the adjust- ment layer. An arrow appears in the Layers panel indicating that the adjustment layer applies only to the Flower2 layer. You can edit the text and watch how the layer efect tracks the change. When you work speciic layers quickly, but has no efect on which in a complex ile with layers are visible or their stacking order. As you edit the text, the layer styles are applied to the new text. A pixel border is selected around the entire image.