Details on Default Programs. Grizzled, longtime Windows veterans may want to note that this file-association function used to be called File Types, and it was in the Folder Options window. Once again, speed fans have an alternative to using the mouse—just press the F1 key to open the Help window.
Try it again after clicking the desktop. When you shut down, you have to wait for all your programs to close—and then the next morning, you have to reopen everything, reposition your windows, and get everything back the way you had it.
What you should do is put your PC to sleep. Click the to see these commands. But whatever you had running remains open behind the scenes. After the interloper is finished, you can log in again to find all your open programs and documents exactly as you left them. How do you want to stop working today? Microsoft offers you six different ways. This command locks your computer—in essence, it throws a sheet of inch-thick steel over everything you were doing, hiding your screen from view.
You can trigger this button entirely from the keyboard. The underlined letter in the word Lock lets you know that O is the shortcut key. This command quits all open programs, and then quits and restarts Windows again automatically.
In the olden days, Windows offered a command called Standby. This special state of PC consciousness reduced the amount of electricity the computer used, putting it in suspended animation until you used the mouse or keyboard to begin working again.
Whatever programs or documents you were working on remained in memory. When using a laptop on battery power, Standby was a real boon. When the flight attendant handed over your microwaved chicken teriyaki, you could take a break without closing all your programs or shutting down the computer.
Unfortunately, there were two big problems with Standby, especially for laptops. First, the PC still drew a trickle of power this way. Second, drivers or programs sometimes interfered with Standby, so your laptop remained on even though it was closed inside your carrying case. First, drivers and applications are no longer allowed to interrupt the Sleep process.
No more Hot Laptop Syndrome. Second, the instant you put the computer to sleep, Windows quietly transfers a copy of everything in memory into an invisible file on the hard drive. But it still keeps everything alive in memory—the battery provides a tiny trickle of power—in case you return to the laptop or desktop and want to dive back into work. If you do return soon, the next startup is lightning-fast. Fortunately, Windows still has the hard drive copy of your work environment.
So now when you tap a key to wake the computer, you may have to wait 30 seconds or so—not as fast as 2 seconds, but certainly better than the 5 minutes it would take to start up, reopen all your programs, reposition your document windows, and so on. You save power, you save time, and you risk no data loss. You can send a laptop to Sleep just by closing the lid. Hibernate equals the second phase of Sleep mode, in which your working world is saved to the hard drive.
Waking the computer from Hibernate takes about 30 seconds. You can configure your computer to sleep or hibernate automatically after a period of inactivity, or to require a password to bring it out of hibernation. See Creating your own plan for details. Shut down. Sleep is almost always better all the way around.
The only exceptions have to do with hardware installation. Hit the key to open the Start menu. But there are even faster ways. If you have a laptop, just close the lid. If you have a desktop PC, just press its power button.
In all these cases, though—menu, lid, power button— you can decide whether the computer shuts down, goes to sleep, hibernates, or just ignores you. Every pack is offered by a different designer, and each one is available at a different price.
Some are free while others cost are available for different fees, though those fees typically come with more premium features.
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This icon set was designed by Artua Design Studio from Ukraine especially for Smashing Magazine as a gift for its readers. Desktop Icon Toy. Your email address will not be published. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook icons. Retrieved February 20, Springboard Series Blog. Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved March 27, Microsoft Corporation.
Retrieved May 25, Retrieved September 21, The Extended Security Update ESU program is a last resort option for customers who need to run certain legacy Microsoft products past the end of support. News Center. June 2, Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved June 3, Retrieved January 14, Retrieved December 12, Microsoft Lifecycle Support Website.
Retrieved April 10, StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved July 1, Retrieved July 2, Retrieved June 22, The Register. Retrieved April 29, Computer Weekly. Retrieved March 20, Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Hearst Corporation. SuperSite for Windows. Penton Media. Archived from the original on April 30, Retrieved January 5, And They Should Know".